Safety

LPG (Liquid Petroleum Gas), commonly known as cooking gas, is one of the most prolific, clean and usable sources of energy available in the country.
 
  • The gas is heavier than air and concentrates at low levels.
  • The gas is inflammable (when in concentrations between 2% - 9% in the air it is explosive and dangerous).
  • The gas has a strong smell – this usually indicates a leak.
  • Installation of a system and gas operated appliances, changes to gas systems and periodic checks as required by law, will be performed only by authorized technicians.
  • The Pazgas representative in your area must be informed of any changes to the gas system in your home or the ventilation of the room where the water heater is installed.
  • Locations where there is a concentration of gas storage containers must be kept well ventilated at all times.
  • Ensure that מo inflammable or combustible materials are stored in the vicinity of gas storage facilities.  (The ground around the facility must be cleared).
  • Any fault, breakage or leakage must be reported to the company immediately and dealt with on site – in accordance with the instructions regarding the specific supply system (See safety instructions for each storage facility).
  • No storage tank should be filled to more than 85% of its capacity.
  • In a central gas storage facility or the gas room, the company's telephone numbers or those of its local agent will be displayed permanently and in a prominent position.
  • Unauthorized persons are forbidden to be within the area of an LPG reservoir.
  • In any and every event of a leak – close the reservoir tank tap in order to halt the flow of gas.
 
What is LPG?
 
LPG is the abbreviation for Liquid Petroleum Gas.  It is also known as LP Gas.
 
LPG is a mixture of hydrocarbon gases which, under normal conditions of pressure and temperature are in a gaseous state.  These gases can be transformed into a liquid state by increasing pressure or lowering temperatures.
 
Characteristics of the various elements of LPG
 
Liquefied hydrocarbon gas is a mixture of hydrocarbons, primarily butane and propane which, when at room temperate and normal air pressure, are in a gaseous state.  The LPG supplied in Israel usually contains 20% propane and 80% butane (percentages of weight).
 
In order to cause a change of state from gaseous to liquid (for storage and distribution) the temperature or pressure of the gas must be changed.
 
Since, from both a technical and economical point of view, it is easier to change the pressure conditions, LPG is stored and transported in closed containers under pressure (Containers of various types, pipelines and others).
 
If we examine the LPG container depicted in the illustration, we will see that as long as the container's tap is closed and there is a balance between the gaseous and liquid states – the gas above the liquid is at the same pressure as the LPG vapor.  This process takes place when absorbing heat from the surroundings.  The LPG leaves the container in a gaseous state, passes through the pressure regulator and supplied to the consumer at low pressure (working pressure).
 
Keeping to the following rules and guidelines will allow you to benefit from maximum use and maximum safety when using gas.